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How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing
How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

At the moment, many people use VST plug-ins to form ESSB. This is the most modern and cheapest way to get the high quality of your radio.

In what order and what plug-ins should be used in the DAW program.

I will not name specific plugins – there are a lot of them and everyone has their
favorites.But if you first encounter this – use the plugins FabFilter and Waves – they are distributed on the Internet and provide quality processing of beeps.

Put your editor’s latest cell, the VST analyzer. They will be comfortable to control all changes in the chain in the future. Remember that the final ACH signal should correlate the aX area between pink and white noise – this ensures sufficient intelligibility of your signal on the air, at narrow band and weak levels.

1st plug in the chain – equalizer – given equalizer – you need to cut above all unnecessary frequencies – resonances of the room, hum, etc. At this stage it is very important to be able to hear – these interfering frequencies. It is not easy and this is the skill of sound engineer, and if you started to adjust your signal – you sound engineer, albeit very “narrow.”

Also this equalizer can emphasize or cut the necessary frequencies – for example, frequencies 119 Hz, 160 Hz, 250 Hz, you need to cut or understate, and fre
quencies 1.3 kHz, 2 kHz, raise, as well as the frequency of your first harmonica. It is important not to overdo it, that would not spoil the sound – if you raise more than 6 Db – then the sound becomes “phone” or “bubbling.” Everywhere we need a measure. No more than 6 Db.

The 2nd plug-in in the chain is a multi-band compressor. This plug-in is forming the appropriate signal energy as well as the ACH.

Try to press the high-frequency area (from 2 kHz and above) strongly enough with a limit of up to 6 dB. With such a restriction – according to the analyzer you will notice how sat high frequencies – adjust the level of this band adjust the level in such a way that the total ACH continued to correlate the area between pink and white noise.

Just do with medium frequencies and low. It is not possible to give specific recommendations the degree of compression, the level of limitation and the output level of a particular frequency range – depends on the initial signal and desired at the output of the signal.

For what in general you need compression and why it is multi-band. Compression generally increases the ratio of C/Sh on the air – that is, gives an energy gain. But due to the uneven frequency of the use of a conventional broadband compressor – which leads to the compressor begins to trigger a phase of frequency that has a higher level – it is usually the area of lower frequencies (according to the nature of energy distribution in the sound of the voice). But triggering this area of frequencies – the compressor relaxes the entire bandwidth, including those frequencies that are responsible for intelligibility. This is not critical for signals with a cut-off frequency of the main tone (the first harmonica or the first format), because in this case the largest area of energy is cut off.

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

In the case of ESSB – broadband compressor can be painlessly used only with the already formed signal – that is, near the end of the chain. We are still only at the beginning and in fact just with the help, including, multi-band compressor we are only forming ACH. Do not forget about the control of the AHH.

3plug. The deep low-frequency plug-in – it could be LoAir or Rbass – these plugins are designed to work with the low-frequency area and make the same mighty bass in your signal.


4th plug-in. We re-use a multi-band compressor – the goal is the same additional compression and additional energy gain, as well as control and retention in check of the AHCh after the application of the plug deep low frequencies.

Here it is worth noting – in multi-band compressors there is a steepness of dividing filters – the steeper filters – the more the signal begins to “crunch” and acquires a kind of “discreteness.” Using the ratios of the first and second multiband compressor can be used as an interesting artistic technique.

5. You need to send the seagal to a parallel processing bus where you can place the reverberator. It’s a matter of taste how much to add reverb. I add quite a bit, it should not be audible, there should be no long tails. Reverb should be felt, but not clearly audible. But these are my preferences, I don’t impose them.

The 6th plug-in – the maximizer – on the output in front of the analyzer – is useful to apply the maximizer, which will tighten the signal level and further increase the DD, raising the RMS (medium-square level) signal.How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

This is generally a general scheme and is not a dogma. You can experiment as you please, but this chain is the most optimal. Where can you experiment with this chain? After the second multi-band compressor mono add another equalizer and they still play with the frequency characteristic, or apply another multiband device dynamic or frequency processing – and today there is a great variety.

The most important thing to remember is that the final ACH of your signal should correlate the aPC area between pink and white noise.

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

 How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

This screen shows the first harmonica (It is signed by the word TON). It is very important to raise this harmonica on the equalizer.

How the plug-ins position in the ESSB signal processing

In order to find your first harmonica of your voice you need to run the VST analyzer in the DAW program, and reproduce the letter A v
oice. On this screen you can clearly see the fall on 3 db on the overtones of your tone. On the screen 5db drop it is not true should be 3 db. The tone is the first harmonica. You have to ensure a smooth decline in your spectrum.

The higher the quality of your signal, the further it is audible, and even in the interference you will be able to listen. A good signal quality is a multiplier from x 3 to x 7 of your amplifier.

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